Based on a study of 1.5 million people, scientists at Northwest University have found four personality types that everyone falls into – Average, Reserved, Self-Centred and Role Model.
Experts from Northwestern University sifted through data from more than 1.5 million questionnaire respondents to identify four personality clusters which were scored according to varying proportions of the 'Big Five' personality traits ie:
Extraversion-The tendency to be talkative, sociable and enjoy others; the tendency to have a dominant style.
Openness -The tendency to appreciate new art, ideas, values, feelings, and behaviours.
Agreeableness-The tendency to agree and go along with others, rather than asserting one's own opinions and choices.
Conscientiousness - The tendency to be careful, on time for appointments, to follow rules and to be hard working.
From this base and further questioning of 1.5 million people the researchers at Northwestern concluded that there were 4 personality clusters :
Average — Average people are high in neuroticism and extraversion, while low in openness. Females are more likely than males to fall into the Average type.
Reserved- The Reserved type is emotionally stable, but not open or neurotic. They are not particularly extroverted but are somewhat agreeable and conscientious.
Role Models — Role Models score low in neuroticism and high in all the other traits. The likelihood that someone is a role model increases dramatically with age. Amaral who was a co-author of the study said… “These are people who are dependable and open to new ideas,”…. “These are good people to be in charge of things. In fact, life is easier if you have more dealings with role models.” More women than men are likely to be role models
Self-Centered- These people score very high in extraversion and below average in openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness.
Co-author of the research William Revelle, professor of psychology at Northwestern University, commented ..“These are people you don’t want to hang out with,”
The study revealed that there is a very dramatic decrease in the number of self-centered types as people age, both with women and men.
So are these new findings of any practical use to us? I believe YES on many counts.
Managers looking to hire new staff could utilise the findings to avoid hiring people who are overly self-centred and not team players - many of us have been privy to the damage a narcissist or psychopath can do to morale and productivity in a workplace.
People interested in mental health whether that be their own or that of clients may find it helpful on a number of fronts.
Part of the process of maturing as a person is I suggest, to grow towards what the authors of this study have labeled the Role Model personality type.
Psychotherapy and self-help should be directed at helping people become less neurotic and more balanced in their focus between their own needs and the needs of others.
Those wanting to date, or build up their friendship circle, can have a greater awareness of what to look out for in friends and romantic partners. hopefully circumventing a whole lot of heartache down the road, as you have avoided getting tangled up with what has variously been called “Difficult People”, “Narcissists”, " Self Centred" “Jerks”…
None of these traits are set for life, ideally, we grow and move towards being Role Model. The people who others with any sense like to change out with…
If you would like help to reduce anxiety and worry and become more open to new experiences and in charge of your life - A Role Model for yourself your family and community.
Tim Collins Daily Mail UK